1 penalty unit is currently set at AU$110 in New South Wales. We might not want to believe it, but human trafficking and slavery happens in Australia. However, sexual exploitation is likely the most common form of modern slavery identified to date because until 2013 the Australian legal framework only criminalised the offences of sexual servitude and deceptive recruiting for sexual services. Nearly US$ 370 million worth of fish are imported by Australia from a range of countries, with the main share of fish imports originating from Thailand (US$ 223 million). Ten of those individuals were convicted of slavery offences, six of servitude offences, and four of human trafficking offences, two of which involved trafficking of children. See the Judicial Commission’s Sentencing Book. Since 1999, the Australian government has strengthened law enforcement tools to investigate and prosecute these cromes. Twenty-five Australian companies have released 35 statements to date, with 10 companies having released statements for both financial year 2015-6 and 2016-7. There are no national data reporting the number of identified victims of modern slavery.1 Currently, the Australian government provides data through several core agencies, such as the Australian Federal Police (AFP), the Red Cross who is the service provider of the Support f… [16, http://www.aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/rpp/108/rpp108.pdf, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Education_and_Employment/temporary_work_visa/~/media/Committees/eet_ctte/temporary_work_visa/report/report.pdf, https://static1.squarespace.com/static/593f6d9fe4fcb5c458624206/t/5a11ff31ec212df525ad231d/1511128887089/Wage+theft+in+Australia+Report_final_web.pdf, https://www.border.gov.au/about/reports-publications/research-statistics/statistics/year-at-a-glance/2015-16, http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/meisubs.nsf/0/702ADCA7FC70AE7BCA257FEF007D96B4/$File/62020_jun%202016.pdf, https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/perth-nursery-ordered-to-pay-back-nearly-30000-to-overseas-workers-for-unlawful-rent-deductions-ng-d849b0de4fe0e852dd3e530dd8ae0e57, https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/ten-wa-men-charged-over-raids-on-carabooda-market-garden-compound-ng-be801d1af8c99e08fc8447cfba48deb7, http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=1e53a4bd-20e3-45c1-99b5-d3ef0e818f3e&subId=463418, https://endslavery.salvos.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Sub-199.pdf, https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/resource-centre/end-child-marriage-australia-research-report-forced-marriage-children-australia/, https://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/nation/forced-marriage-law-rarely-used/news-story/83fff660d12c43a8b4b4d9e6bc00841d, http://aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/rr/002/rr002.pdf, http://aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/rr/002/rr002.pdf. The statements analysed by the Modern Slavery Act Project were the most recently available statements at the time the research was conducted – in most cases, this would be the 2016 statement. Australian Institute of Criminology. For a detailed methodology of how these products were identified, please refer to Appendix 3 in the 2018 Global Slavery Index report. Current sex trafficking statistics reveal that human traffickers are jubilant over a new useful victim-tracking tool: online social platforms. Some businesses have subsequently updated and improved their statements, and the updated statement will be included in the next iteration of the research. ‘Without Consent: Forced Marriage in Australia’. Once it has received Royal Assent, the bill will amend the Fair Work Act 2009 to impose stricter penalties on fraudulent employers and to extend the powers of the Fair Work Ombudsman to investigate and gather evidence of potential workplace breaches.71 While the Act was supported by unions and NGOs, it was regarded as falling short of adding additional protections for workers and whistle blowers, which would further incentivise the reporting of workplace violations.72 The new provisions target growing concerns in the Australian community about the exploitation of vulnerable workers, particularly migrant workers and workers in the franchise sector.73 In October 2016, the Australian government established a cross-agency “Migrant Workers’ Taskforce” as part of the government’s commitment to tackle the exploitation of vulnerable migrant workers.74, In most Australian states and territories, domestic workers, including migrant domestic workers, are covered by the Fair Work Act. The next report by the Interdepartmental Committee on Human Trafficking and Slavery was due to be published in December 2017 but had not yet been released at the time of writing. The statistics contained on this website are based on aggregated information learned through signals -- phone calls, texts, online chats, emails, and online tip reports -- received by the Trafficking Hotline. Hedwards, B, Andrevski, H & Bricknell, S 2017. In November 2015, the passing of the Crimes Legislation Amendment Powers, Offences and Other Measures) Act 2015 further strengthened the offence of forced marriage, which was first introduced in 2013.61 The amendments reflect the understanding and interpretation of forced marriage as a slavery-like practice, expanding the definition to include circumstances in which one or both parties do not freely and fully consent to the marriage because he or she is incapable of understanding the effect and nature of a marriage ceremony, for reasons such as age or mental capacity. Department of Immigration and Border Protection 2016. Similar to the UK Modern Slavery Act, and in line with the recommendations of inquiry into establishing a Modern Slavery Act in Australia by the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade,67 the Act includes provisions to establish an Independent Commissioner. A Queensland couple are charged with human trafficking after allegedly keeping a Fijian woman as a servant. The top five imported products at risk of modern slavery were identified from an original list of 15 products considered at risk of modern slavery. In August 2005, the relevant trafficking legislation underwent significant reform and a range of new offences were created under the Criminal Code Amendment (Trafficking in Persons Offences) Act … Like slavery in the past, human trafficking is a business that has generated millions of dollars every… Australian Lawyers for Human Rights 2018. While the scale of forced labour is difficult to determine, a few cases have come to light in the agriculture industry. It provides a global picture of the data available from official statistics on trafficking in persons, and supplements this with data from international organizations and NGOs. Doherty, B. The Australian government has committed to introduce a modern slavery bill to Parliament by mid-2018 with the aim to pass legislation by end of 2018.66, In June 2018, the New South Wales Parliament approved the New South Wales 2018 Modern Slavery Act. The Commonwealth laws that deal with human trafficking offences in Australia are the Crimes Act 1914 (Cth) and the Criminal Code 1995 (Cth). The key priority areas included ethical recruitment, transparency in supply chains, incentives, and safeguard and redress mechanisms. Under the amended definition, a person under the age of 16 is presumed to be incapable of understanding the nature and effect of a marriage ceremony. Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources, 2017. 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